BURGKMAIR, Hans

(1473-1531)
Hans Burgkmair, the son of the prominent Augsburg painter Thoman Burgkmair, studied both under his father and with Martin Schongauer in Colmar. He became a friend of Albrecht Dürer* and, like Dürer, made full use of the print medium, introducing the chiaroscuro woodcut in the north. He also shared Durer's great interest in the new ideas of the Italian Renaissance and responded particularly to the work of Venetian painters.
Achieving the status of master painter in 1498, Burgkmair probably married in the same year the sister of Hans Holbein the Elder, thus linking himself with the Holbein family of painters, who were also close neighbors in Augsburg. Burgkmair was well traveled, spending much time in Italy, particularly in Ven­ice, which was an important center of printing and humanistic studies. His work shows the influence of both Italian and Netherlandish art. Known for his wood­cuts as well as for his portraits and religious paintings, Burgkmair settled in Augsburg, a rich and cosmopolitan city where his status was as high as that of Albrecht Dürer in Nuremberg. Through his prints, Burgkmair came to the attention of Emperor Maximilian I, for whom he made ninety-two genealogical woodcuts. He was also one of several artists called upon to illuminate Maximilian's Prayer Book and partici­pated in the illustrations for the emperor's autobiographical romance, the Weis-skunig. With Dürer and others, he made woodcut designs for elaborate triumphal processions and arches for the emperor. Apart from his work for the emperor, Burgkmair is perhaps best known for his St. John Altarpiece of 1518, now in Munich, a work that blended Italianate and northern styles.
Burgkmair also participated in the growing dialogue between the German humanists and painters, encouraged by such men as Conrad Celtis, Maximilian's librarian. At Celtis's death, both Burgkmair and Dürer paid tribute, Burgkmair with a portrait woodcut of Celtis. Burgkmair's portraits and portrait woodcuts strongly influenced those of Hans Holbein the Younger,* but he was important also as an intellectual, a purveyor and supporter of the new humanism, and an eminent role model for Hans Holbein the Younger.
Bibliography
A. von Bartsch, Sixteenth Century German Artists: Hans Burgkmair the Elder, Hans Schaufelein, Lucas Cranach the Elder, 1980. H. M. Kaulbach, "Trial Sheets for Maximilian I," Burlington Magazine, May 1995: 313—14.
Rosemary Poole

Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary. . 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Burgkmair, Hans — (1473 1531)    German painter, woodcutter, and engraver from Augsburg, the son of Thoman Burgkmair, also a painter. Hans is thought to have been trained in the workshop of Martin Schongauer in Colmar. By 1498, he was back in Augsburg where he… …   Dictionary of Renaissance art

  • BURGKMAIR, HANS —    painter and engraver, born at Augsburg; celebrated for his woodcuts, amounting to nearly 700 (1473 1531) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Burgkmair, Hans, The Elder — ▪ German artist born 1473, Augsburg [Germany] died c. 1531       painter and woodcut artist, one of the first German artists to show the influence of the Italian Renaissance.       The son of a painter, he became a member of the painters guild in …   Universalium

  • BURGKMAIR (H.) — BURGKMAIR HANS (1473 1531) Peintre et graveur d’Augsbourg, qui apprend le métier de peintre auprès de son père Thomas, puis auprès de Martin Schongauer (vers 1490), Hans Burgkmair devient membre de la corporation des peintres d’Augsbourg en 1498 …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Burgkmair — Burgkmair, Hans, geb. zu Augsburg 1472; Maler, Kupferstecher u. Formschneider, erlernte die Kunst bei seinem Vater Thomas B., lebte eine Zeitlang in Nürnberg mit Albrecht Dürer, arbeitete mit demselben gemeinschaftlich an Werken für Kaiser… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Burgkmair — Burgkmair, Hans, Maler und Formschneider, geb. 1473 zu Augsburg, gest. 1531, Sohn und Schüler des Thomas B. (gest. 1523). Hauptwerke: Rosenkranzbild (1501, Augsburg), Madonna (Nürnberg), Johannes auf Patmos (München), Christus am Kreuz (Augsburg) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Burgkmair — Burgkmair, Hans, berühmter Maler und Formschneider, geb. zu Augsburg 1473, lernte zuerst unter seinem Vater, dem Maler Thoman B., dann unter Dürer, arbeitete hauptsächlich in Augsburg, Nürnberg und München, und st. in seiner Vaterstadt 1559.… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Hans Burgkmair — Der Maler Hans Burgkmair und seine Frau Anna, geb. Allerlai (nach Lukas Furtenagel, 1529) Hans Burgkmair der Ältere (* 1473 in Augsburg; † 1531 ebenda) war ein bedeutender Maler, Zeichner und Holzschneider zu Beginn des 16. Jahrhunderts.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hans Burgkmair der Ältere — Der Maler Hans Burgkmair und seine Frau Anna, geb. Allerlai (nach Lukas Furtenagel, 1529) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hans Burgkmair — the elder (1473 1531) was a German painter and printmaker in woodcut.Burgkmair was born in Augsburg, the son of painter Thomas Burgkmair [web cite|title=Hans Burckmair|url=http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/03064c.htm|work=Catholic Encyclopedia] and …   Wikipedia


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